Whether you may decide to start email in your own name, or you want to launch a website of your own, or you want to use any other web service, you need to make domain registration. The purpose of registering a domain is to acknowledge your identity in the web by Government authorized agencies. It gives you a unique identity and add up to build your personality in the internet group. You have announced your name publicly as soon as you complete domain registration.
Domain Registration is governed by ICANN. ICANN is the abbreviation of Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. Now in order to reach an intended server hosting the address, it is needed to type the domain or the IP address in the web browser of a computer. ICANN’s function is to co-ordinate these identifiers spread across the world so that the correct address can be reached very quickly without problem.
How A Domain Name Is Formed
The internet protocol is required to identify the location of the server hosting the website. It consists of binary numbers. As it is difficult for people to remember numbers and dots, the idea of domain name registration was conceived. In fact a Domain name is nothing but IP address written in letters. Domain name comprises of two separate elements. One element sits after the dot and the other element sits before the dot. The part which sits after or to the right of the dot like com, net, or org, etc is termed as Top level Domain or in short TLD.
The Role Of A Registry
For each TLD there is a company or Registry assigned by ICANN. The function of a particular Registry is to look after the authenticity and activity of all domains ending with a particular TLD. The Registry maintains the full list of Domains and IP addresses under a particular TLD. Registry is the final authority for approval or rejection for a Domain Registration.
The Registrar’s Role
The whole monitoring of the cheapest domain registration is the primary responsibility of the Registry. However to maintain the system of monitoring better, ICANN has assigned responsibility of looking after the top level domain which sits after the dot to the Registry. The Registrars have been given the responsibility of looking after the part before the dot.
Domain registration India is basically linked to the part before the dot. These Domains are required for opening websites or emails, etc. These domains are sold by the Registrars. Certain fees is required to be paid for registration.
Process Of Domain Registration
The person in need to register a domain has to submit necessary application to the domain registering company. The application shall contain all the required details like the name of the person, his occupation, contact information, contact number, purpose for opening the domain, etc. The person will also be required to submit valid photo ID and residential proof along with the application. Necessary fees for registration need to be deposited.
Once all the details are received, the domain provider will check the details thoroughly, before allowing it to be forwarded to the Registry. The Registry will finally decide the clearance for domain registration. Therefore it is clear that each domain is looked after by Registrar and each domain is under a top level domain which is looked after by a Registry.
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